|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
NOTE 8—INCOME TAXES
The effective income tax rate for continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was as follows:
The effective income tax rate differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% primarily because of the full valuation allowances recorded on the Company’s deferred tax assets.
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded income tax expense from continuing operations of $0.1 million, or 13.9% of pretax income from continuing operations compared with income tax expense from continuing operations of $0.3 million, or (14.6)% of pretax loss from continuing operations in the same period for 2018. The decrease in income tax provision from continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared with the corresponding period in 2018 was primarily related to a $0.2 million increase in indefinite-lived deferred tax assets related to an interest expense addback under Section 163(j) of the Internal Revenue Code and the post-2017 U.S. net operating loss that can be used to offset indefinitely-lived intangible deferred tax liabilities.
As of March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company would have needed to generate approximately $277.8 million and $250.9 million, respectively, of future financial taxable income to realize its deferred tax assets.
The Company’s foreign subsidiaries may generate earnings that are not subject to U.S. income taxes so long as they are permanently reinvested in its operations outside of the U.S. Pursuant to ASC Topic No. 740-30, undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries that are no longer permanently reinvested would become subject to deferred income taxes. As of March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not have any undistributed earnings in its foreign subsidiaries because all of their earnings were either taxed as deemed dividends or included with the provisional estimate of one-time transition tax as of December 31, 2017.
As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company provided for a total liability of $3.4 million, of which $2.5 million was related to our discontinued operations for unrecognized tax benefits related to various federal, foreign and state income tax matters, which was included in long-term deferred tax assets and other long-term liabilities. If recognized, the entire amount of the liability would affect the effective tax rate. As of March 31, 2019, the Company accrued approximately $1.7 million, of which $1.3 million was related to our discontinued operations, in other long-term liabilities for potential payment of interest and penalties related to uncertain income tax positions.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef